Skin Pigmentation

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What is Skin Pigmentation?

Did you know skin is the largest organ of the body comprising of two layers, the upper ‘epidermis’ and the lower ‘dermis’ which are further divided into layers. These layers contain skin cells responsible for various functions. The lower most layer of the epidermis contains cells which produce pigment called melanin. This pigment Melanin is basically responsible for giving our skin its natural colour. Our skin tone highly depends on the amount of melanin produced by our skin cells. Melanin production at times get affected in situations like illness, injury or any kind of damage or disturbance in skin cells. Pigmentation is a kind of coloration of living tissues (plants, animals and humans) by pigments (melanin).

Causes of Skin Pigmentation

The colour change may happen due to both overproduction and reduced production of melanin. The condition where one suffers from overproduction of melanin is called Hyper-Pigmentation where as the condition where one suffers from reduced production of melanin is called Hyper-pigmentation. In hyper-pigmentation state, the skin tone tends to get darker than its usual colour, while in hyper-pigmentation the skin tone tends to get lighter than its natural colour.

The other reason why pigmentation occurs can be because of thickening of the epidermis layer and its vascularity. Normally when one suffers from pigmentation disorders, you get to see white patches on some parts of the body or the whole body.

Other causes of skin pigmentation are –

  • Exposure to sun
  • Drug or medicine reaction
  • Genetic inheritance
  • Autoimmune disorder
  • Hormonal changes
  • Accidental injuries

Precautions Of Skin Pigmentation

You should avoid getting yourself overexposed to strong sun rays. Make sure that you apply sunscreen when going out in the sun.

Skin Pigmentation Treatments

Skin pigmentation problems include:

  • Tanned Skin
  • Black Patches
  • Tattoos
  • Dark Circles
  • Melasma
  • Cholasma
  • Solar Lentigo or Age spots
  • Freckles
  • Photo Rejuvenation
  • Skin Lightening
  • Skin Toning

Types of Pigmentation

Perioral Pigmentation

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Melasma is a common type of skin pigmentation wherein patchy, brown, tan, or blue-grey facial discoloration, appears on the facial skin that is exposed to the sun. This problem is most persistent among pregnant women, women taking oral contraceptives and women getting hormone replacement therapy during menopause.

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Under Eye Dark Circles

Under eye dark circles is also a type of skin pigmentation that can make you look older, exhausted, stressed and depressed. It is a common non-hormonal skin condition and can be very distressing. Dark circles can be caused by stress, excessive exposure to sunlight, inadequate sleep and fatigue. Seasonal allergies, a cold, a sinus infection can also cause under eye dark circles.

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Pigmentation Treatment Modalities :

Q Switched ND: YAG Laser – In this procedure we at Clear Skin Clinic penetrate laser beams which break pigment cells and destroys the pigment. This is taken by macrophages to limp glands for destruction.
Alpha Beta Hydroxy Skin Rejuvenating Solutions: Alpha Beta Hydroxy Skin Rejuvinating Solutions are applied to the skin that causes it to “blister” and eventually peel off. The new, regenerated skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. This treatment is also used to treat age lines – the wrinkle lines around the mouth and eyes.

The procedures used are virtually painless; only involving a slight prickling or burning sensation. The results obtained by lasers and IPL are dramatic which can remove unwanted, artificial and natural pigmentations safely, leaving you scar free and care-free.



Fractional Q Switch Nd YAG Laser
Helios II Fractional
Q – Switched Nd:Yag Laser
Chemical Peels  
Alpha Beta Hydroxy Skin Rejuvinating Solutions